Help:Cite errors/Cite error group refs without references

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Template:Pp-semi-indefHelp:Cite errors/header


When grouped references are defined, then the page must also have markup to show the reference list. The reference list is shown by including either of the following:

{{notelist}} or one of the variants listed below.

Issues and resolution

The most obvious and simplest issue is when the reference list markup is missing. Simply add {{reflist|group=groupname}} to the end of the article under the section title "References", usually between "See also" and "External links". The $1 in the message shown above will be replaced with the groupname.

There are predefined group names that use templates for the in-text citation and for the reference list. If one of these group names is used, then the matching reference list template can be used. <section begin=rlt />

Group name Reference list template In-text citation template
lower-alpha {{notelist}} {{efn}}
upper-alpha {{notelist-ua}} {{efn-ua}}
lower-roman {{notelist-lr}} {{efn-lr}}

<section end=rlt />

Sometimes the reference list markup exists, but the message is shown because the <ref> tag immediately before the reference list markup does not have a closing </ref> or it is malformed, thus "eating" the rest of the text including the reference list. Find the last <ref> tag and ensure it is properly closed with <ref>.

This message may also show if there are <ref>...</ref> tags after the reference list markup. Ensure all <ref>...</ref> tags are properly placed. A template such as a navbox may have <ref>...</ref> tags.



  • Template:Bug Misleading error message for omitted </ref> tag



Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.<ref group="note">Reference 1</ref> Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.


Help:Cite errors/tech